From: "Sam Campbell" <??????????????????????>
Subject: Smoking in Athens

I will be traveling to Athens,Ga very soon and I was wondering are there any
good tobacco shops worth checking out.

[ There are three listings in Georgia in the Guide; don't know how
near any of them are to Athens. -S. ]

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[ Stephen Smith sent this to me, with permission to reprint it
here. -S. ]

Connecting the Dots:
A Concise History of the Sasieni Pipe
Stephen P. Smith

In his excellent book, "The Ultimate Pipe Book", Richard Carleton
Hacker writes American pipe collectors "seem to be more preoccupied
with 'smokable' brand names, of which the most collectible are
Dunhill, Barling, Sasieni, and Charatan." Theodore Justin Gage, the
former publisher of the much missed "The Compleat Smoker", called
Sasieni pipes a "fascinating collectible, ...representing all that is
good about classic English pipe making."  And for good reason: the
pipes made by the Sasieni company between the years 1919 and 1979 rank
among the very best the London pipe industry had to offer.  They
featured superb wood, flawless bowls, outstanding smoking qualities,
and a styling that was uniquely theirs.

Yet for all that, Sasieni's are among the most underrated pipes on the
collectible market, usually selling for far below their real worth.
In this, they offer the astute collector a genuine opportunity,
whether he or she is looking for a pipe with potential for
appreciation, or simply a great pipe at a reasonable price.

However, in order for the collector to capitalize on this, it is
vitally important to realize the Sasieni company changed hands on two
occasions, and each owner had different priorities and agendas.  Not
surprisingly, this was reflected in the quality of the pipes made
during these different times.  All bore the Sasieni name, and yet they
were very different pipes.

It is possible to divide the Sasieni history into three eras, similar
to Barling.  In fact, throughout this article, I will be referring to
"Pre-Transition, Transition, and Post-Transition" Sasieni's.  While
this may raise a few eyebrows, I believe it will become clear these
classifications are actually quite appropriate.

Therefore, it will also become clear a collector must be able to
distinguish between Sasieni's of different eras, as it is mainly the
family made pieces made between 1919 and 1979 which are truly
desirable to collectors.  The dual purposes of this article, then, are
to trace the history of the Sasieni pipe, and to enable collectors to
judge, with a reasonable degree of certainty, when the Sasieni in
question was made.

A Brief History of the Sasieni Company

There is a great deal of mystery surrounding the Sasieni pipe, owing
largely to the fact there is such a paucity of written information
about them, as is the case with many collectible pipes.  Even the name
of the founder is subject to debate.  One respected source says the
founder was named "Joel" Sasieni.  Another equally respected source
says with equal certainty the name was "Joseph" Sasieni.  (A third,
rather less reliable source once told me "Joel" and "Joseph" were
brothers, but I think we can safely dismiss that.)  An old Sasieni
catalog which I came maddeningly identifies the founder as
"J. Sasieni".

Whatever his first name was, Mr. Sasieni apprenticed at Charatan, and
moved on to Dunhill, where he eventually rose the position of factory
manager.  Many men would have been perfectly satisfied with such a
position, but not Mr. Sasieni.  He opened up his own factory in 1919,
believing he could improve on some of Dunhill's methods. Mr. Sasieni
was, if nothing else, an optimist.

Things did not go smoothly for the new firm.  The factory burned down
almost immediately.  Apparently undaunted, Mr. Sasieni simply rebuilt
the factory and carried on.

One change he incorporated in his pipes was the method of curing the
bowls.  While the briar blocks were air cured, similar to Barling,
Sasieni took this process a step further by "oven curing" his pipes.
Each pipe was cured in an oven over a period of six weeks, being
removed periodically by a factory worker, who would wipe away the
moisture as it emerged from the bowl with a rag, and check it for
cracks.  The end result was Sasieni pipes (the ones that survived)
were extremely dry smoking.

Sasieni was not oblivious to the success Dunhill had achieved with its
famous "White Spot" logo, and while he obviously couldn't copy the
logo exactly, he apparently saw no problem with reinterpreting it a
bit.  Therefore, each Sasieni pipe which came out of the factory had a
single blue dot in the stem.

Not surprisingly, the idea of their former employee competing with
them using a very similar trademark didn't exactly make Dunhill's day.
They threatened legal action in both the U. K. and the U. S..  Sasieni
was saved in England by that country's rather vague trademark laws,
and the Sasieni One Dot continued to be produced for the European
market for several decades.

Sasieni was not so fortunate in the U. S., where by the early 1920's
Sasieni had found an enthusiastic audience.  In an initial attempt to
comply with U. S. patent law, Sasieni moved the one blue dot to the
side of the pipe.  This unfortunately didn't do the trick, and only a
few side dot Sasieni's were ever made, which are now extremely rare
and collectible.

So, thanks in part to Dunhill's patent attorneys, one of the most
famous logos in the pipe industry was born.  To clearly differentiate
his pipes from Dunhill's, and also to distinguish the American market
pipes from all others (American market pipes originally only had a
three month guarantee, although by the mid 1930's this was extended to
one year) Sasieni put four blue dots on the stem of his pipes,
arranged in the shape of an elongated diamond.

The distinctive logo was an immediate hit in the U. S., where it,
along with the pipes' exceptional smoking qualities, helped the pipe
to sell in such quantities the factory had trouble keeping up with the
demand.  In fact, by the 1930's over 90% of Sasieni's production was
going to American shores.

Ah, but we Americans are a restless lot.  We just don't know when to
leave well enough alone.  So enamored had the U. S. market become of
the four blue dots, the importer wanted to make sure they could be
seen by everyone standing on each side of the smoker.  Therefore
Sasieni, reluctantly by some accounts, agreed to put four more dots on
the right side of the stem.

The Sasieni Eight Dot is now the most collectible of all Sasieni
pipes, due to both its scarcity and the fact that, unlike other
Sasieni's, the collector can be reasonably certain when the pipe was
made.  The Eight Dot made its debut in the late 1920's or very early
1930's, and was discontinued during W.W.II due to the inevitable
shortages of supplies.  Like the Four Dot, the Eight Dot had its logo
made by individually inserting rods of blue plastic into pre-drilled
holes in the stem, similar to the process used by Dunhill for their
one white spot.

This was an excruciatingly difficult procedure, even on the Four Dot,
for each dot had to be placed just right in order to create the
desired diamond shape, and on the Eight Dot, both sets had to be
symmetrical.  For all that, it is rare to find a an original Sasieni
bit in which the dots are even the slightest bit off.  This in itself
bears testimony to the fastidiousness with which Mr. Sasieni applied
his craft.  It also makes it fairly easy to spot a fake Sasieni stem.

Both the Eight Dot and the Four Dot were marketed in the U. S. during
the pre-war years, with the Eight Dot fetching more money, even though
both pipes used the same wood.

The post war years brought many changes at the Sasieni company, not
the least of which was the death of Mr. Sasieni himself, in 1946.  His
son Alfred (named, perhaps, for his father's arch-rival and former
boss?) proved a worthy successor to his fathers' business, and the
company continued to thrive under his leadership.  About this time the
company started stamping "Four Dot" on the shanks of the pipes, to
further capitalize on the now famous trademark's prestige.  There were
other changes in both the shank nomenclature and the dots themselves,
which will be reviewed in detail later on.

Through the post war years, Sasieni added shapes and lines.  While the
Four Dot remained their most famous product, the company also sold
lines of "seconds" under various names, such as Mayfair, Fantail, Olde
English, and Friar.  These were pipes made of good wood, but possessed
of some flaw, usually filled with putty.  Pipes that were almost, but
not quite, good enough to be a Four Dot were sold as Two Dots.  I have
two of these pipes in my collection.  Both pipes are quite striking,
exhibiting exquisite shapes and exceptional grain.  At first I
wondered why they were not Four Dots.  Eventually, after long
inspection, I discovered each pipe contained one very small filled
flaw.  In spite of this they remain two of my favorite pipes.
However, it is clear Sasieni was determined to put the Four Dot logo
on only the most perfect pipes.

Alfred Sasieni continued to run the company prosperously until 1979,
when he sold out to another firm.  Interestingly, he stayed on in the
capacity of a director.  At first it seems to have been a harmonious
partnership.  The new owners started their tenure with a limited
edition reissue Eight Dot.  This was a generous sized, natural stained
smooth pipe which occasionally also had a gold band.  Each pipe had a
blue string running through the bowl, shank, and stem, affixed with a
lead stamp and paper tab signed by Alfred Sasieni himself.  These
pipes are both strikingly handsome and maddeningly elusive, due to the
fact only 100 (or so, accounts differ) were ever made.

This spirit of cooperation between the old and new owners does not
appear to have lasted long.  Alfred Sasieni believed only vulcanite
should be used for pipe stems, eschewing the newer, trendier Lucite.
When the new owners, contrary to Alfred's wishes, issued a new Ten
Dot, replete with Lucite stem, it seems Alfred decided he had had
enough, and left the firm for good.

The new owners of what can accurately be called the "Transition" firm
continued to create high quality pipes using the old wood and methods
they inherited from the Alfred days.  However, these pipes are not as
collectible as the family pipes, and it is necessary for the collector
to be able to differentiate between the two.

The new owners do not appear to have retained their interest in pipe
making for very long, as they sold the company again in 1986.
Unfortunately, this new, "Post-Transition" firm decided to abandon the
high grade market place, and instead transformed the Sasieni into a
mid range "smoker", a metamorphosis from which it has yet to recover.
The news owners decided to capitalize on the Four Dot mystique by
eliminating all "second" lines, and issuing practically everything
under the Sasieni banner as a Four Dot.  This had the inevitable
effect of lowering the overall quality of the line.  For the first
time, it was possible to find a Four Dot with a putty fill, which
would have been unheard of when the family ran the company.  Even the
"Transition" firm maintained the integrity of the Four Dot line by
marketing flawed pipes under some other line.

Ironically, it is generally agreed the two most active markets in this
country today are the "high end" and "low end" markets, with the
middle $35-$100 range being the most sluggish--precisely where the new
Sasieni's are now being marketed.  Fortunately, fairly obvious changes
in the nomenclature--to say nothing of the presence of putty--make it
easy to spot a "Post-Transition" Sasieni.

Dating a Sasieni

No, this has nothing to do with asking the pipe to go out to the
movies with you.  As I have mentioned before, it is important to be
able to date a Sasieni which you are contemplating purchasing.
Pre-Transition Sasieni's, as I will now call them, are obviously the
most collectible and desirable, with the Transition pipes being
marginally collectible (although the commemorative Eight Dot, when you
can find one, is extremely collectible), and the Post-Transition
Sasieni's having little or no collector value at all.

Unlike Dunhill's, Sasieni's (and in fact most pipes) do not have an
explicit system for dating the pipe to the year.  However, by
understanding an admittedly somewhat arcane combination of
nomenclature, patent numbers, and dot arrangements, it is possible to
narrow your Sasieni's date of manufacture to within a certain era, and
sometime even down to a certain decade.

Ironically, the pre-W.W.II pipes are easier to date than the post war
pipes, because Joseph (or Joel) Sasieni was always fiddling with the
details which help to date the pipe.  Son Alfred seems to have made
some initial changes in the nomenclature after taking over the company
in 1946, and been content to leave well enough alone.  Sasieni
nomenclature changed very little between 1950 and 1979, although the
company continued to develop new shapes and finishes.

To begin with, there are three main elements to dating the Sasieni
pipe, the patent number, the style of the name "Sasieni" as it appears
on the shank, and the Dots themselves.  Naturally, there are
exceptions to these rules (this hobby would be boring without them),
but for the most part these guidelines apply better than 95% of the
time.  All Sasieni One, Four, and Eight Dot pipes made before W.W.II
and destined for the U. S. market carried a patent number on the shank
which usually started with the numbers "15", with 150221/20 and
1513428 being representative of the group.  Also, the name "Sasieni"
was stamped on the shank in a very florid manner, with the tail of the
last "i" sweeping underneath the name forming a shape which has been
compared to a fish by more than one collector.  This script was
discontinued by Alfred almost immediately after he took over the
company, so this alone tells you your pipe is pre W.W.II.  Underneath
in block lettering are the words "London Made", with the patent number
making the third line.

The dots will help you narrow this down further.  As we mentioned, the
short lived U. S. market One Dot was introduced around 1920, and was
replaced by the early to mid 1920's by the Four Dot.  The 1920's Four
Dot is distinguishable by the florid Sasieni script, a patent number,
and four blue dots, which are quite small compared to the pipes of
post war years.  Furthermore, by 1935 Sasieni began stamping pipes,
based on the shape, with their own names, which were usually, but not
always, English towns.  For example, apples were stamped "Hurlingham",
bulldogs were "Grosvenor" or "Danzey", and panels were "Lincoln".  One
rare and interesting variation of this was the large bent, dubbed
"Viscount Lascelles".  Even in this soft Sasieni market, these pipes
regularly sell for $150 in their rare appearances in mailers.

As mentioned above, the Eight Dot appeared in the late 1920's or early
1930's. These too have the florid script and the patent number, and
the presence or absence of a town name will help you date this pipe
fairly precisely.  Although the Eight Dot remained in the catalogue
through the war, it was for all intents and purposes discontinued
during W.W.II.

Once Alfred took over the company in 1946, these elements changed in
fairly rapid succession.  The first thing to be changed was the
nomenclature itself.  In place of the elaborate "Sasieni" stamp of pre
war pipes, a simpler, though still script style, "Sasieni" was used.
This can be seen on patent pipes which have the small, old style dots.

Soon after, Sasieni enlarged the dots themselves, and they formed an
equilateral rather than an elongated diamond.  My pet theory on this
is the dots were enlarged to make up for the fact there were no longer
eight of them, but I can't prove it.  Finally the patent number was
discontinued, and the words "Four Dot" were added.  The shank thus

Four Dot
London Made.

Somewhat later still, this was modified to reflect the finish,
e.g. Four Dot Walnut, or Four Dot Natural.  All these changes seem to
have been made in the years between 1946 and 1950.  Therefore a pipe
with new style dots and old style stamping almost certainly has a
replacement stem.

This system changed little if at all in the ensuing thirty years.
When the company was sold in 1979, one of the first things the new
owners did was to eliminate the town names from the shanks.  The dots
were enlarged yet further, and the Sasieni name, though still done in
script, was larger, as was the rest of the shank nomenclature, which
in all other ways was similar to the Pre-Transition nomenclature.
While these pipes are not as collectible as the family made pipes,
they were made with care and are high quality. 

The nomenclature changed again in 1986, with the sale of the company
to the Post-Transition firm.  The three line nomenclature was changed
to two lines, with the first reading "Sasieni 4 Dot" and the second
identifying the finish, e.g. Natural, Walnut, or Ruff Root.  Note how
4 Dot is spelled, using an Arabic numeral 4, as opposed to spelling
out the word "four".  This is the easiest way to spot a
Post-Transition Sasieni, as the new company has used both script and
block lettering to spell the word "Sasieni" on the shank. 

As mentioned above, there are exceptions to these guidelines, which
can be frustrating.  Probably the most feared aberration in our neatly
constructed Sasieni universe is the European One Dot.  As may be
remembered, Sasieni had no problem keeping his original trademark in
Europe in spite of Dunhill's best efforts to the contrary.  This led
to the pipe being manufactured for European markets until the sixties.
If in doubt, check the rest of the nomenclature.  Old style stamping
(just think of the fish) means an old pipe.   

The most difficult to distinguish from 1920's era U. S. One Dots are
the European One Dots made in the 30's and 40's.  Here you just have
to know your patent numbers and hope for the best, bearing in mind
virtually any pre war Sasieni is collectible.  In any event, these
pipes are rarely found in the U. S..   

A few other pipes, such as the plum finished pipes, kept their patent
number after the war.  Again, knowing your dots and script styles will
help keep you from mis-dating these pipes. 

Why Collect Sasieni's?

There are many reasons to collect these pipes, ranging from the purely
monetary to the aesthetic and esoteric.  While I personally do not
collect pipes to make money, nor do I advise same, the fact remains a
high grade, flawless, first quality pipe that currently sells for less
than $100, and often less than $50, surely must have some potential
for appreciation.  No less an authority than the late Barry Levin
himself once told me he felt Sasieni's were severely under valued, but
as time went by they would eventually take their rightful place next
to Dunhill and Barling, as people came to appreciate the wonderful
qualities of this pipe. 

There are many theories regarding the soft market for these pipes, the
most logical and most accepted of which points to the low price of the
currently made pipes.  Sellers are often reluctant to price a
pre-smoked pipe higher than an unsmoked one of the same brand, and
buyers reluctant to pay more..  It is important to remember, though,
there is a vast difference in quality between the Pre-Transition and
Post-Transition Sasieni's.  The older pipes should sell for more than
the new ones, simply because their quality is so much higher. 

Monetary considerations aside, there are many other reasons to collect
Sasieni's.  First, unlike many collectible pipes, the Sasieni is
actually quite datable, contrary to popular belief.  The ability to
date a Sasieni at least within a certain era, and sometimes within a
decade, not only deepens our appreciation of these pipes, it also
ensures we spend our money wisely. 

Furthermore, there is the company itself.  Sasieni was a family owned
company, run by people who took deep pride in their work.  The firm
has an interesting history, with links to two of England's other great
firms, Dunhill and Charatan, whose influence can occasionally be seen
in Sasieni pipes. 

Most importantly, there is the pipe itself.  Sometimes it almost seems
as though collectors forget the ultimate purpose of a pipe is to
deliver a great smoke.  Pre-Transition Sasieni's fulfilled this
purpose admirably, and continue to do so.  The old Sasieni's were
renowned for being extremely dry smoking, and even today a well cared
for Sasieni will deliver a cool, dry smoke, even though the pipe may
be over seventy years old.  While Pre-Transition Sasieni's are usually
available only on a pre-smoked basis, occasionally one can still be
found unsmoked by the fortunate collector. 

On top of all this, the pipe is truly pleasing to the eye.  The wood
is full grained, usually featuring striking cross cuts and astonishing
birds-eye, as well as the occasional straight grain.  The Four and
Eight Dot, as well as the early One Dot pipes always had clean bowls.
Any pipe with even a tiny fill was relegated to the "second" line. 

One virtue of Sasieni's which I rarely if ever see commented on
deserves mention here.  The Sasieni shape line, particularly prior to
the war, has an undeserved reputation for being limited and overly
conservative.  Yet by 1935 their catalogue listed no less than 50
different shapes!  As one acquires more of these pipes one will
continually be surprised at the many unusual shapes, which show,
perhaps, the influence of Charatan. Anyone who has ever seen the shape
knows as the Exeter, which can only be described as a sort of freehand
bull moose, will know what I mean. 

Besides the Exeter, I have in my own collection a 1920's One Dot
shaped like a clay pipe, complete with tilted bowl and a heel
underneath, and a 1970's era Two Dot, which can only be described as a
tilt bowl, diamond shank pear (Sasieni only used the descriptive town
names on the Four and Eight Dot series).  The Sasieni pipe is quite
literally full of surprises.  I have no doubt as I continue adding to
my own collection, I will discover yet more unusual shapes.

Sasieni was also a pioneer in the concept of "Ladies' Pipes".  Three
styles, the "Argyle", the "Montrose", and the "Dorset" were designed
specifically for ladies.  Unlike many so-called ladies' pipes, these
pipes did not mar the finish with colored lacquer, or have a bowl so
small the lady in question could only get a five minute smoke.
Instead, they had reasonably sized bowls, and long slender stems and
shanks.  The "Argyle" and "Montrose" were carved and smooth versions
of a Billiard, respectively, and the "Dorset" was a carved oval shaped
bowl.  Needless to say, these pipes could be enjoyed by anyone who
simply wanted a smaller, slimmer pipe, as the finishes were exactly
the same as the rest of the Sasieni line.

Finally, there are the dots.  This may sound a bit silly to the
non-Sasieni collector, but Sasieni collectors know exactly what I
mean.  Sasieni collectors have a fascination with the striking logo,
which is both distinctive yet tasteful.  Some would say it has an
almost mystical quality about it.  Over the years, the dots have
changed both in size and color (although many of the seeming color
"variations" are simply a result of aging.)  Over the years the dots
ranged in color from light blue to a vivid sky blue.  Many collectors
are as enthralled with the dot variations as with the pipe itself!

The delights of this pipe are almost endless.  They deliver a great
smoke, visual enjoyment, and maybe even the possibility of monetary
appreciation.  They deserve to take their place next to the other
great collectible pipes of England's recent past, and perhaps, with
more understanding on the part of collectors, they will.

Some Acknowledgments

It is impossible to write an article such as this without a lot of
help from other people, and indeed, I received a great deal of help
from the pipe collecting community, from both the famous and the
obscure.  It never ceases to amaze me that I could call someone from
out of the blue, and, upon identifying myself as a fellow pipe
collector, have that person gladly, often enthusiastically, drop
whatever he was doing and talk to me about pipes for an hour or more.

An article like this is never truly finished.  Just when I think I've
got it all figured out, I'll talk to another collector, or read
another magazine article, or come across some bit of long hidden
information, and be forced to reconsider my ideas.  Should anyone have
anything to add to this article, I would enthusiastically welcome your
call.  My office number is (617) 878-1300.

Thanks first and foremost go to Theodore Justin Gage, former publisher
of "The Compleat Smoker", and Richard Carleton Hacker, author of "The
Ultimate Pipe Book".  Both men graciously allowed me to quote from
their published works, and gave generously of their time on three
separate occasions each, even though neither of them was expecting a
call from yours truly.  Richard Carleton Hacker literally allowed his
dinner to get cold one evening while he answered my many questions.

Thanks are due to Jim Cooke, the Vermont alchemist without whom there
would be far fewer estate pieces in our collections.  Jim answered
many questions concerning the inner workings of the Sasieni pipe,
describing in almost torturous detail the steps involved in creating
the Eight Dot stem.

Many estate pipe dealers also gave generously of their time.  Thanks
go to Nikos Levin, Steve Leaders, and Jack Ehrmantraut, for discussing
at length with me the current state of the Sasieni market.

Of course, there is the pipe collecting community itself, that legion
of relentless individuals who scour the dark places in search of
collectible briar.  Thanks to Red Coombes, who played a crucial role
in helping me verify the very existence of the seemingly apocryphal
Ten Dot Sasieni.  Thanks also to Mike Reschke, the well known Parker
collector who's also pretty smart when it comes to Sasieni's.  Mike
introduced me to Jim Copic, and what amazing conversations those were!
I felt like I had hit the mother load!  Jim enthusiastically collects
not only pipes but hard to find ephemera, and was an invaluable source
of information about all kinds of obscure facts, including details of
the Sasieni guarantee.

And finally, thanks to the members of the Massachusetts based Sherlock
Holmes Pipe Club, particularly our fearless leader, Col. Don Powers,
who encouraged me to write this article when I myself had grave doubts
about the project ("Aw shucks, Don!  I don't know nothin' about
writin' in no fancy magazine!"), and who if fact got me started on the
road to collecting Sasieni's in the first place.

Copyright a 1996 by Stephen P. Smith
				        All rights reserved

 Richard Carleton Hacker, The Ultimate Pipe Book, 2nd ed. (1984;
reprint, Beverly Hills, CA: Autumngold Publishing, 1989), 234.  Quoted
with the author's permission.

 Theodore Justin Gage, "The Sasieni Pipe: A Discriminating Collector's
Delight," Levin Pipes International's The Complete Smoker Monograph
#2, October, 1993.  Quoted with the author's permission.

 The following represents mainly a synthesis of the information found
in Richard Hacker's book and Tad Gage's monograph, with a smattering
of other information gleaned from other collectors.

I had heard of this pipe prior to writing this article, but had long
thought it to be nothing more than a myth.  However, the existence of
the Ten Dot was verified by both Richard Hacker, and Massachusett
based collector Red Coombes, who even sent me a Levin mailer with a
picture of the pipe!  For this part I have relied on a combination of
mainly personal observation, the input of other collectors, and some
Gage and Hacker material.

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