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From: ????????????????????????
Subject: Pipes Digest #131 - February 18, 1994

		Pipes Digest #131 - February 18, 1994
		     Circulation This Issue: 215

Welcome to new members:

	Scott Fossey		(??????????????)
	Tim McCubbins		(?????????????????????????????)
	Maurizio Abate		(????????????)

And, with issue #131, your mail is full of Bills -- mostly Magill, but
some Thacker too! Including a nice writeup on the origins of
meerschaum and a preliminary FAQ. Thanks a bowlful, Bill!


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From: ??????????????????????? (Martin Golding)

>         My brother has taken to making pipes, he does very nice work, and
> he is looking for a source of briar

Sort of off the subject: I made a handful of pipes. I figured that I could
get a briar pipe anywhere, so I used various weird and exotic woods.

The pine pipe smoked exactly like you'd think. The rosewood pipe had (may
still have) a wonderful aroma that it added to the smoke. That week, I read
a long and scary article about allergies to hardwoods- With a little more
carelessness, I could have been killed. Eeek.

Now I just smoke what the nice man sells me. With a little extra perique.

Fumingly,

Martin

Martin Golding       |    email: ???????????????????????
ADP Dealer Services  | bellmail: (503) 294 4200

[ And avoid wormwood, too. Absinthe does not make the heart grow
fonder... -S. ]


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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994

>   Someone on the list wrote that he tends to have bad experiences with
>   "real cigars" and cites as an example the Romeo Y Julieta a friend
>   brought back from England.
>   Look, Cubans, general, and that cigar in particular, are much stronger
>   than your average Dominican or Jamaican cigar.  And, in my view, Romeo Y
>   Julietas are the most poorly made modern Cuban cigars.  Try some good
>   Dominicans before you reject the good ones categorically.
>
This comment is not quite complete.

ANY tobacco product, especially cigars, from the "continent" is STRONGER
than the "American" version.  This follows the general American proclivity
for "watered-down" versions of the real thing - like beer. It turns out
that today not only do American breweries churn out barrels of Lager
instead of Ale, but that Lager is only 4.0%! When I was in the military in
the late 60's, 3.2% beer was served at the PX and referred to as "Panther
P..." 

In the cigar world there is a style called EMS or European Market Selection.
This is different from the "maduro" or dark wrapper, although, in my
experience, the two terms are often interchanged. Both are DARK BROWN
wrappers, almost black, compared to the "candela" or "natural" wrappers.
The "candela" is easy to spot, it's green, while the "natural" ranges in
shades from tan to brown.

I have found that the EMS wrapper is "bitter" to my tastes, even on good
cigars (any manufacturer). I don't particularly enjoy the "maduro" although
most good cigars tend to have "dark natural" wrappers which some call
maduro.

And as for Romeo Y Juleita being a Cuban? I have a brochure from the
company on the occasion of their re-introduction to the American Market
after a 20 year absence (circa 1982). They characterize themselves:

"Romeo Y Julieta is an old and respected name in the cigar industry. We
believe it to be the last of the really famous Cuban brands to re-enter the
American Market." They go on to describe their quest to find new tobacco
sources until, "We found the two bends that would more than fulfill the
desires of the most discriminating of cigar smokers world-wide."
Cameroon Deluxe from the Dominican Republic and "All Cuban Seed" from
Honduras. The implication is clear from their brochure that they have moved
all of their production from Cuba to these two locations - "Cuban-born
supervision," "Cuban-born rollers," "Cuban seed," expatriate Cuban cigar
experts," etc.

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 
 


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From: "Don S. Johnson" <???????????????????????>
Subject: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994

These reminiscences may be a bit too long for the Digest but I wanted to pay
tribute a someone who educated me in the way of the pipe some 34 years ago.
Like many kids, I began with cigarettes, eventually going to six packs a day
(along with the jokes: Don always wears the same color clothes, ash gray;
you can find Don in a crowd by the cloud over his head, etc.). Finally I
figured what I was spending on butts and quit. A year later, I took up a
pipe, real cheapie, Dr. Grabow. Fortunately I dropped it and it broke after
a week. Turning to the Yellow Pages for a pipe shop, I found a modest ad for
a place near work. That's how I met Joseph Roth. Joe was a tobacconist and
pipe maker from the old school in Russia. When I met him he was 72 and told
me he began as an apprentice when he was 15. He was a perfectionist. The
pipes he made, and I'm lucky enough to still have four of his, including a
rough-cut (not sandblast) lumberman with a 6" shank, made from a single
piece of briar, were all from Algerian briar. Not just any Algerian briar.
Joe imported 6 tons of aged Algerian briar in 1911 which he stored in a
warehouse by NY's East River. Said when it ran out, he'd retire. Said no one
aged briar properly anymore. To age briar root, he said, one threw the briar
into a swamp and let it sit for several years; then air dried it for several
more. At that point, it was totally sapless, rock hard and ready for use. He
also aged and blended his own tobacco, using totally natural ingredients to
achieve different flavors. Each customer had "their blend" written in a
ledger and you could order any amount. He shipped blends all over the world.
That was the first time I learned that there were tobaccos that naturally
tasted of chocolate, vanilla, etc. He avoided Louisiana perique in his
blends because he said its high nicotine content could lead to heart
attacks.
 
Like many old-time tobacconists, Joe would willingly spend time explaining
his craft, which is how this snot-nosed kid learned how to tell birds eye
from straight grain; and how many sandblasts are covering up minor
imperfections in grain or wood. Finally he did run out of briar and retired,
selling his business and its name to a person who was an excellent pipe
repairer but not a pipe maker, named Lou Bascomb. Lou attempted to carry on
but he began using commercial spray-flavored tobaccos and customers such as
myself drifted away. I have _never_ found a blend to equal "mine" from those
days though now I do enjoy a commercial Danish wholesale blend of
cavendish-cut white burley which The Tabagerie in Westport CT retails as
"Riverboat". I'm glad Joe passed on before this country begain turning into
a People's Republic where the rights of the individual were trampled by a
politically correct (now _there's_ an oxymoron) vocal minority who insist
that only they know what's good for humanity.
 
dsj

[ No reminiscence is too long for the digest! In the next issue, the
collected works of Herman Wouk... Seriously, though, thanks for the
early history, the note on Joseph Roth, and the methods of aging
briar. -S. ]


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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994

>   I was just curious to know if anybody else noticed the Shoe comic
>   strip about 
>   cigars a while back. In it, a bird walks into a cigar shop and asks the
>   tobacconist for a box of 50 caliber Il Duce Grandes. The
>   tobacconist looks at 
>   him and replys "certainly sir, you can pick those up next week". A confused
>   look comes over the bird and asks why he'll have to wait until
>   next week. The 
>   tobacconist answers, "there's a five day waiting period on those."   ;)  
>   Just thought I'd share it with the rest of you. 
>   Chris Cooper
>
>   [ MacNelly runs quite a few cigar-oriented strips, one of which was
>   picked up by "Cigar Aficionado." -S. ]

I have a collection of "Shoe" strips from over the years. 
I've often thought of writing him and asking him to publish 
        "The Cigar Smoker's Shoe."

I wonder if McNelly has gotten rid of his old Underwood yet? 
Is the Sun Times on line? 

Truly ponderable subjects on a "the snow is too messy to go out" day.

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 

[ And later, the same snowy day... -S. ]
 

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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Meerschaum stuff...

>   Meerschaum is sea foam that has been hardened.  Since a meerschaum
>   already is rock and will not burn like wood pipes, there is no need
>   for a carbon cake.  It also is porous so it absorbs oils from the
>   tobacco.  Smoking tobaccos with a higher oil content (ie naturally
>   flavored instead of using sugary flavor additions) provide more oil
>   that can be absorbed.  This produces the graceful characteristic of
>   the style.  The pipe can also absorb oil from your hands.  When the
>   pipe was manufactured, the bowl was covered with wax to inhibit the
>   oils from being absorbed into the pipe from the outside.  This wax
>   will become hot enough to melt when you smoke your new pipe.
>   Touching the bowl may remove wax so some people wear gloves.
>
>From a brochure entitled "Why buy Meerschaum" - C.A.O Meerschaums - 1985
                                                1-800-BEST CAO (?sill valid?)

                WHY BUY MEERSCHAUM?

Simply put, because it affords a unique smoking experience. Meerschaum is
the most flavorful and beautiful pipe you can own. Meerschaum - one on the
most porous substances found in nature - acts as a filter,  absorbs tobacco
tars and nicotine, and yields a most satisfying smoke. Meerschaum smokes
cool and dry with a flavor unrivaled by another pipe. As it ages,
meerschaum colors a rich honey-brown, improving both in appearance and
taste.

Meerschaum Pipes - with a minimum of proper care - will last for a
lifetime. They will not burn out as briars do.

A CAO meerschaum is an investment in smoking pleasure

                ENJOY THE ARISTOCRAT OF PIPES.

As beautiful as meerschaum is to the eye, its true beauty must be
experienced.

A meerschaum is made to smoke.

Hold it. Enjoy its light weight and silky feel, its distinctive taste, its
ripening to a mellow golden-brown.

Justly deserving its reputation as the "aristocrat" of pipes, the
meerschaum is not meant for the connoisseur alone. All pipe smokers can
appreciate the unique pleasure of meerschaum.

                MEERSCHAUM - A GIFT FROM THE SEA.

"Meerschaum" is a German word meaning literally, "sea-foam," alluding to
the belief that it was the compressed whitecaps of waves. Meerschaum is a
mineral - hydrous silicate of magnesium - of organic origin. Composed of
the fossilized shells of tiny sea creatures that fell to the ocean floor
millions of years ago, meerschaum is found in red clay deposits. The
average size of the meerschaum blocks extracted from the clay is about the
size of a grapefruit.

                THE JEWEL OF ESKISHEHIR

Meerschaum deposits of the highest quality are found only in one place in
the world - in the small city of Eskishehir in central turkey. And here the
deposits are confined to an are of only 4 square miles. 

Mined with hand tools, and by men trained in this singular family
tradition, meerschaum is excavated at depths ranging from 200 to 300 feet.
The miners wash the raw meerschaum lumps and sort them into 5 categories
according to quality. Each of these 5 categories is further divided into 12
qualities according to size, color porosity and homogeneity of the
mineral." 

"The BLOCK-MEERSCHAUM - not to be confused with pressed meerschaum - is
shipped to the manufacturer. And only the purest 10% of this block
meerschaum is judged suitable for CAO pipes.

                CRAFTING THE WORLD'S FINEST PIPES

Nearly 300 years ago, the first meerschaum pipe was carved by hand. And
today, these unique pipes are still carved by hand.

The carver, a craftsman of unique ability and long experience, examines
each piece of meerschaum, calculating the lines of cleavage along which it
should be split.The split block-meerschaum is soaked in water for 15-30
minutes until the material achieves a cheese-like consistency. 

Working with the softened material, the carver determines the rough shape
of the pipe before the bowl and draft hole are bored. Like all fine
hand-crafted articles, no two meerschaums are alike.

The carved meerschaum goes into a kiln at high temperature, a process that
removes all moisture from the mineral. The shank is threaded and fitted
with a stem.

After meticulous polishing with the finest grade abrasives, the meerschaum
is ready for waxing. Though there are many different wax formulas, beeswax
alone yields the rich coloring associated with the finest Meerschaums.
Melted and then bleached, the beeswax is ready to receive the pipe itself.
The subtle differences in color and tone among CAO pipes are intentional,
achieve ed by careful dipping of the pipes a specific number of times.

Finally, the slightest imperfection detected in the finished pipe means
that it cannot wear the CAO name. The quality of each CAO meerschaum is
thus insured.

                SOME DO'S AND DON'TS FOR CAO MEERSCHAUM SMOKERS.

DON'T be afraid to handle or hold your meerschaum with clean hands.
Remember, you purchased a meerschaum primarily for your smoking pleasure.
The "Added" pleasure you derive from a meerschaum is watching it color as
you smoke it. 

The conventional wisdom on this topic is that handling a meerschaum while
warm removes the beeswax coating on the pipe, which highlights its
coloring. While this is true, only the purist - the smoker far more
concerned with the look of his pipe than his own smoking pleasure - need
wort about it. Besides, you can replace the wax coating removed by
handling very simply with CAO's Meerschaum Antiquing Compound.

DO take care when removing the stem of your CAO meerschaum by pulling it
and twisting it CLOCKWISE while supporting the shank with the fingers.
Replace the stem by pushing it and twisting it CLOCKWISE also. A little
care here will be repaid through a lifetime of smoking pleasure.

DON'T tap your CAO meerschaum against a hard surface. If you tap it in your
palm, be sure to support the shank firmly with your hand. This is sound
advice for briar pipe smokers also.

DON'T worry about "breaking in" your CAO meerschaum. Meerschaum pipes,
unlike briars, do not burn and hence need not be protected by a carbon
"cake" inside the bowl.

DO clean the cake or reside inside the bowl of you meerschaum. Use a
sharp-edged, blunt-ended tool. Avoid digging into the heel of the pipe when
cleaning the graft hole by not allowing the pipe cleaner to extend too far
into the bowl. [The meerschaum is WET and SOFT in the heel immediately
after a smoke. - whm.]

Smoke your favorite blend in your CAO meerschaum. Each pipe will color
differently. However this process depend on how often you smoke, not on
what tobacco you smoke.

Your CAO meerschaum dealer will be pleased to answer any further questions
you may have about our pipes. Be suer to ask about CAO's complete line of
meerschaum accessories.

Remember also who smokes CAO meerschaums: presidents, statesmen, doctors
and businessmen - people in all professions, all lines of work - and you.

                                -- 30 --

This has been typed with benefit of meerschaum lined calabash, a truly
light weight, large bowl pipe.

Sitting on my pipe shelf is my "Caveman Kit" pipe. I don't recall the
vendor, it was purchased at Holt's many years ago, it was a "carve it
yourself" meerschaum. A pre-drilled block (bigger than my fist),
instructions and beeswax. It smokes as well as my professionally carved
CAO and was fun to do.

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 
 
[ Wow! And that's not the end of Bill's energies... -S. ]


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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #129 - February 4, 1994

>   From: JOSEPH MAXIMILLIAN MURPHY <???????????????>
>   Subject: Various and sundry tobacky stuff
>
>   I also have a question about the pipe I've got. I know
>   diddley about its composition, but the bowl is terribly pitted. Little tiny
>   holes all over. Why might this be, and is it bad?
>
Hmmm....Never heard of a pipe described as "pitted," especially with
"little tiny holes all over." However, assuming that the pipe is in fact
"whole" that is to say - these little tiny holes are only surface "holes",
and do not go through to the bowl... What you are likely the possessor of is
a pipe with a "sand blasted" finish. 

There are two basic pipe finishes - "smooth" or "sand blasted." 
There are as many different variations on both finishes as there are pipe
carvers or manufacturers, but those are the two categories that everyone
seems to use in describing the finished product.

With a smooth finish pipe, the briar is polished as any piece of wood
using varying degrees of abrasive until a high sheen is achieved -
essentially the same as a piece of fine furniture. The pipe is then buffed
and possibly waxed, much like a meerschaum.

A "sand blasted" finish is intended to enhance the grain structure of the
briar. Yielding "interesting patterns" in the surface of the pipe. Some
say it is a "more rugged" look. Here, quite literally, abrasive is blasted
against the briar causing the softer parts of the bowl to be abraded away
leaving the raised grain showing. Depending upon the kind of abrasive used,
the kind of briar, the "mood" of the craftsman all sorts of different "looks"
can be achieved.

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 


[ It snowed a L_O_T that day... :-) -S. ]


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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #124 - December 23, 1993

>   From: ??????????????????????????????????????? (Micah Anderson)
>   Subject: Pipe tobaccos
>
>          I just recently aquired a used pipe, a very interesting one to say
>   the least. Its got a leather "coating?" around the whole thing except the
>   inside and the part you put in your mouth (I know NO terminology, sorry!).
>   Does anyone have any ideas on how I can identify this pipe?
>
The most well known of the leather covered pipes is/was the French
Longchamp. They have the name and "Longchamp/France" stamped in the leather
up near where the mouthpiece joins the body. Also, if I remember correctly,
(I bit thorugh the origial and replaced it) the stem has a running horse
in white.

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 

[ And there were a L_O_T of Digest issues stacked up... -S. ]


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From: "William H. Magill" <?????????????????????>
Subject:  Pipes Digest - ?FAQ vs Resource Guide?

Maybe the FAQ is just an appendix to the Resource Guide - or vice versa?

Here's a start. The definitions are "pretty good." They come from all over.
Some need more research and flesh - like the different types of stems,
tobaccos, etc.
--------------------------<cut here>--------------------------------
PIPE:   Narrow tube of clay, wood, etc. with bowl at one end for drawing in
smoke of tobacco. - Oxford English Dictionary

PIPE TYPES

BRIAR:  This is the closely-grained burl joint between the stem and roots of
the White Heath, a tree found on the hillsides of mainly Mediterranean
countries. Underground, this burl protects the briar wood, which is tough,
close grained, porous, and nearly impervious to heat. Good briar is hard to
find. The larger shrubs take a long time to mature...and the older the
shrub the better the briar and thus your pipe. The most suitable root may
be 80 to 100 years old, and the finest pipe briar may be from a shrub over
200 years old... aged and mellowed by time. 

MEERSCHAUM: A German word meaning literally, "sea-foam," alluding to the
belief that it was the compressed whitecaps of waves. Meerschaum is a
mineral - hydrous silicate of magnesium - one of the most porous substances
found in nature. Composed of the fossilized shells of tiny sea creatures
that fell to the ocean floor millions of years ago, meerschaum is found in
red clay deposits. Meerschaum deposits of the highest quality are found
only in one place in the world - Eskishehir, in central Turkey.

AFRICAN BLOCK MEERSCHAUM comes from Tanzania, Africa and is usually stained
in varying shades of brown, black and yellow.

MISSOURI MEERSCHAUM: The All-American Corncob pipe. It is a length of
hollowed-out corncob, usually from a special hybrid variety of corn, with
a straight wooden stem and, sometimes, a inexpensive plastic mouthpiece.
Some veteran pipe smokers buy corncobs by the dozens, smoke one until it
burns out or goes sour, then throw it away and light up another. (If a
youngster uses yours to blow soap bubbles, buy another.)

CALABASH: A South African gourd similar to a squash grown specifically for
use in pipes. The shape is determined as the gourd grows by placing small
blocks under the stem, forcing it into a gentle curve. The mature gourd is
cut and dried, then fitted with a cork gasket to receive a meerschaum bowl.
The finished pipe offers one of the coolest, driest smokes available. 
Immortalized by Sherlock Holmes and in Jimmy Durante's signature line - 
"Good night Mrs. Calabash - wherever you are."

CLAY PIPE: Clay or pottery pipes were very popular in England and in Europe
before the discovery of briar. In London coffee houses and clubs,
long-stemmed "Church wardens" and "London Straws" were universally accepted.
The finest clay for pipes is said to be found in Devon, England.

HOOKAH: Also known as a WATER-PIPE. The Turkish hookah filters the pipe
smoke through water (or booz) for extra coolness. Many styles of hookah
exist including those with multiple mouth pieces so that several may enjoy
the hashish simultaneously.

OPIUM PIPE: An Oriental water-pipe, normally made of brass with a very tiny
bowl used for smoking opium. Opium pipes are frequently seen with 12 or 18
inch long stems and fancy braiding.

CAST IRON: Normally used to carry natural gas.


PIPE PARTS:

BOWL: The part of the pipe that holds the tobacco.

HEEL: The base of the inside of the pipe bowl. 

SHANK: The part of the pipe that joins the bowl and the stem.

STEM: The part that connects the shank with the bit. 
Examine it carefully. Its quality, finish and fit will reveal the maker's
carelessness or attention to detail. 

BIT: The part of the pipe stem that fits in the mouth. Also called the
MOUTHPIECE. 

BITE-PROOF STEM: A bit designed with a solid center portion at the mouth to
prevent the "canine" tooth from punching a hole in it as readily as is done
in a standard bit. 

AMBEROID STEM: A fusion of Bakelite and pure amber - usually used with
meerschaum pipes.

BAKELITE STEM: Trade name for a synthetic resin widely used for lacquers
and varnishes and as a plastic.  A common material used for the stem,
especially of mass produced pipes. An alternative to vulcanite.

AMBER: brittle, feels like glass to the teeth - Usually used with
meerschaum pipes.

VULCANITE: A dark-colored variety of India rubber that has been subjected
to vulcanization : also called "hard rubber." A common material used for
the stem, especially of mass produced pipes. 

Lucite: Trade name for a plastic. A common material used for the stem,
especially of mass produced pipes.  

HORN STEM: Animal horn - often found on inferior meerschaum pipes

BONE STEM: Animal bone - often found on inferior meerschaum pipes

PIPE ACCESSORIES:

PIPE CLEANERS: Indispensable - two types - "soft and fluffy" to dry up
moisture or "thin and wiry" to dig out deposits.

LIQUID PIPE CLEANERS: Also called PIPE SWEETENERS, dissolve the gum and tar
while leaving a fresh aroma in the bowl, stem and mouthpiece. Frequently
featured in the "Dennis the Menace" comic strip.

SMOKERS COMPANION: Also called MULTI-PURPOSE PIPE TOOL, a spoon, a pick,
and a tamper in a metal holder. Usually built like a pocket knife, often
accompanied by a "knife blade reamer."

PIPE REAMER: A tool for smoothing out the "cake" and trimming it down to a
desired size. Reamers come in a variety of shapes and functionalities. 

PIPE RACK: A storage place for your pipes. To most enjoy pipe smoking one
needs several pipes to accommodate one's moods and activities.

HUMIDOR: A thing in which to store tobacco. Ideally - cheap and air-tight
(try Tupperware) - one places fresh tobacco in it and once sealed, it will
maintain the tobacco in a smokable consistency indefinitely. A major
alternate use of a humidor is the "re-moistening" of dried out tobacco.
For this action one adds a source of moisture to the tobacco in the humidor
before sealing. 


PIPE TERMS:

CAKE: A small layer of protective carbon allowed to form and remain in the
bowl of a briar pipe. The cake protects the briar from burning but too much
cake can split the pipe by causing uneven heating of the bowl.

DOTTLE: Unburned tobacco left in the heel of a pipe.
        

PIPE STYLES:

1-Freehand
2- smooth finish
3- sandblast

DUBLIN: An Irish style, shaped after the clay pipe.

BENT: A curved stem pipe

OOM PAUL: A large-boweled bent stemmed pipe name for the Boer leader who
smoked this variety.


TOBACCO:

TOBACCO: A member of the plant family "Solanaceae" which also includes
tomato  and potato plants. Around 40 kinds of tobacco exist. 

QUALITY: Tobacco is graded by leaf type and quality. There are five grades -
choice, fine, good, fair, and low. These are set by the tobacco's
uniformity, texture, age, oil, body, coloring,  etc.

NICOTIANA: The botanical name for tobacco after Jean Nicot who introduced
tobacco into Europe around 1560. 

RALEIGH, SIR WALTER: He popularized smoking at Queen Elizabeth's court
around the mid 16th century and was believed to be the first to smoke a
pipe in England. 

Tobago: Columbus discovered it in 1498, and according to legend, named it
after the shape of a Carib pipe smoked on the island.

FLAKE CUT:

Basic blending tobaccos:

VIRGINIA - red / black / lemon / orange / orange-red
The mildest of all blending tobaccos has the highest natural sugar content.
Used in virtually all blends as it is a good burner and aids in lighting.
It imparts a light sweet taste when used in moderation

BRIGHT  - From the Carolinas
BURLEY  - "white Burley" - a natural tobacco taste with a soft character
that will never "bite."

CAVENDISH - Cavendish is a process of curing and a method of cutting
tobacco leaf; the term does not refer to a tobacco, but a type of
manufacturing process. The processing and the cut are used to bring out the
natural sweet taste that is a characteristic of Virginia tobacco. This
process will create a tobacco very light in taste, quite mild and easy to
pack. Black - Traditional Navy Cavendish, aged naturally with dark
Jamaican rum .

"Taste" tobaccos:
PERIQUE - From Louisiana
Havana  - From Cuba
Yenidji -

Oriental "spice" tobaccos:

LATAKIA - From Syria/Cyprus (richly smoked and fermented)
Latakia was "discovered" when a bumper crop resulted in surplus, and the
excess tobacco was stored in the rafters.  The  village farmers
traditionally used camel dung (or other dung, I suspect) as a source  of
fuel, and the smoke cured tobacco was revealed the following season.
Today, Latakia is smoked over a smoldering fire of aromatic herbs.  The 
camel no longer has to process the herbs first!

DUBEC   - From turkey
XANTHI  - From Macedonia
KOMOTINI- From Macedonia
DRAMA   - From Macedonia
SERRES  - From Macedonia
SAMSUN  - From the southern coast of the black seas
IZMIR   - From Western Turkey


Cigars

CIGAR: The Mayans are believed to be the first to put a cigar on the
pedestal it deserves. German philologists translated the Myan noun "Zik"
for tobacco or smoke, and "zikar" the verb form. Thus the word "cigar"
evolved and was recognized in many ancient drawings and carvings. A Myan
carving dated circa 300A.D. depicts a long tubular roll of tobacco in the
mount of an obviously happy man.

CLARO:
MADURO:
EMS:    European Market Selection
RING:   Diameter of at cigar

T.T.F.N
William H. Magill                         Manager, PennNet Computing Services
Data Communications and Computing Services (DCCS)  University of Pennsylvania
Internet: ?????????????????????                   ???????????????????????????
          ???????????????? 

[ Bill, this is the beginning of a full-blown FAQ. Thanks a million --
ring gauge, that is!

BTW, 1E6 ring gauge implies a diameter of about a kilometer, unless
I've slipped a digit. We must be talking about the "Doomsday Maduro"
from the old "Cigar Trek"! :-) -S. ]


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From: MARK KORCHINSKI <???????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994

  Steve, 

  After a four state search, I was finally able to find 
  La Gloria Cubanas at Smokers' Gallery in Ft. Lauderdale Fla.
  I bought the last two complete boxes he had in stock after (double
  coronas) which the owner said that he wouldn't receive new stock for 
  several weeks because of demand. Lucky me.

  They are of excellent quality and taste, and the price ($1.60 each) 
  made the search well worthwhile.  Nothing quite like sitting by the 
  pool and smoldering a good cigar (especially during the week that the 
  Eastern US was hit by the worst winter weather in 50 years :))

  There have been a lot of questions about humidor systems. I use one 
  that might be of interest for those that want to store a larger number 
  of cigars.  I bought a five gallon aquarium with cover at a garage sale 
  for $20, and a thermometer/hygrometer at a hardware store for $10. 
  I keep the cigars in the original cedar box (or you can buy them for 
  about a dollar at a tobacconist). 
  
  With a plastic tumbler and a sponge as a source of humidity I have been 
  able to maintain it at 65F and 60% R.H. by adjusting the sliding lid 
  slightly.  A ten gallon (or greater) aquarium would accomodate the boxes 
  better, but (like a true Ham operator),  I used what was on hand.  
  Otherwise, this system is terrific. 

  73,
  Mark K.

[ Tnx for the notes! Hope your humidor is working swimmingly :-) -S. ]


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From: ????????????????????????????????????????

Steve, I'll be traveling around Europe this summer (after a grueling 5 years
of university) and I was wondering if there are any countries where I just
simply "have to" pick up a pipe.  I figure Denmark is a good bet.  Any other
suggestions?

Also, I have really enjoyed the reviews of different pipe tobaccos.
Could the experienced guys out there maybe ramble a little more about
different generic types (like cavendish) and the flavours associated
with them (mild, aromatic, fruity, etc).  This would be useful for us
beginners.

Thanks.

Dave.

[ Denmark would be a good bet. Ireland too, for the Petersons. Maybe
France (Butz-Choquin and I believe GBD), England (Dunhill), and Italy
(too many to mention).  -S. ]


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From: Ootek <????????????????????>
Subject: Nothin Much

I've been subscribed to the digest for quite some time now, but this is
the first time I've written.  I've got a few questions for everyone. 
First, has anyone ever heard of fanto leaf?  I believe it's from Jamaica. 
The only use I have ever heard for it has been to roll cannabis with it (
which is what I smoke when I don't smoke Tobacco)  So has anyone ever seen
a cigar wrapped in it? Second I have a pipe that I found in my basement
(which is strange because no one in my family smokes a pipe), and it is
carved in the shape of a bison head, complete with horns that go into his
head.  Does anyone know who made this pipe, or ever seen one?  Also, to
everyone in New York, as well as everyone else, I went to the Rennaisance
Fair in Oswego Last summer and there was a pipe carver there who made
Fantastic meerschaums and calumets.  Once I find the address, I'll post
it. All you need to do to get a catalog is to send a post card.  Is there
any way to get briar to carve my own pipes?  I've heard about using
mountain Laurel root, but I'd feel bad for taking the roots because its a
beautiful plant.  Are there any other woods that are good to carve? 
Finally, My cigar of choice is a 45 ring Montesino Numero Uno with a
Maduro Wrapper.  Does anyone have any suggestions for a good cigar along
those lines ( namely below 2 bucks and a real good smoke).  Well I'd
appreciate any input, so so long and happy smoking.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   "To smoke or not to smoke, what a stupid question." 

   				-From High Times Magazine's Hemp 100

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

[ I think I saw the bison pipe as an offer from Amphora, once upon a
time. See Martin's letter above re exotic wood. 

BTW, regarding alternative smoking materials, I can't really say
anything about whose hands it may eventually end up in.  Proceed with
caution. 

Or do like Our Beloved President and don't inhale :-) -S. ]


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From: Robert H Woody <??????????????????????????>
Subject: Pipes Digest

Steve Masticola:

I subscribed to the Pipes mailgroup last month.  You sent me the intro
package which included digest #126, dated January 14, 1994.  I haven't
received anything since then. I guess I don't know how often the
digests are sent out, but I fear that something may have happened so
I'm not getting the mailings.

I have two addresses here at FSU, 

	??????????????????????????	(which is forwarded to the following:)

	???????????????????


On a different note, I am very much a newcomer to pipes and tobacco.
I would be greatly interested in any information you might offer
suited for someone in this situation.  For the purposes of sparing
myself the embarassment, I won't go into detail at exactly how
ignorant I am; let's just say that I come from a long line of
non-smokers but just could not resist the appeal of pipe smoking.

Thank you for you assistance in these matters.

Sincerely,

Robert Woody

[ Address changed and back issues sent; I may have deleted it
inadvertently. And see the above FAQ by Bill for _much_ info. Welcome
to the Universal Coterie of Pipe Smokers, Robert! -S. ]


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From: ????????????????????????

Norm Carpenter writes:

> It is clear that I am not worthy of the information presented by
> Mr. Thacker.  The research,  time,  and effort he has spent in 
> giving us these valuable insights into smoking history have been
> truly worth the price paid.  

Given that the Pipes Digest is a free service, I'm not entirely certain how
to take that.  8-)

Anyway, I have a passion about history.  I think it's extremely important
and has to be preserved, especially nowadays when so many revisionists
want to re-write history to support their own beliefs.  As George 
Santayana's oft-misquoted statement so elequently puts it, "Those who fail
to remember their tobacco are doomed to repent it."   

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Bill Thacker             AT&T Network Systems       attmail!att!cbemf!wbt
(614) 860-5294  	 Columbus, Ohio              ?????????????????
                      Humpty Dumpty was pushed!

[ Funny, I don't remember him saying that... :-) -S. ]


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		       Today's Snappy Comeback:

(The Response Ingenuous:) "What a coincidence! You're the third person
to ask me tha---oh, it's _you_ again." 

				- From "101 Ways to Answer the
				  Question, 'Would You Please Put Out
				  that #(!&*!$ Cigar'," Hague et. al.,
				  1987. 


 U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ | ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U
 )				       *   *                                 ( 
( Pipe smokers will rule the world!      *      Internet Pipes Mailgroup      )
 ) (if they don't run out of matches...) *  (for all who enjoy fine tobacco) ( 
(					 *        			      )
 )           Steve Masticola, moderator  *  (????????????????????????)       ( 
(				       *   *				      )
 U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ | ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U

Article Index

  1. Subject: Pipes Digest #131 - February 18, 1994
  2. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994
  3. Subject: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994
  4. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994
  5. Subject: Re: Meerschaum stuff...
  6. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #129 - February 4, 1994
  7. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #124 - December 23, 1993
  8. Subject: Pipes Digest - ?FAQ vs Resource Guide?
  9. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #130 - February 11, 1994
  10. Subject: Nothin Much
  11. Subject: Pipes Digest
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