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From: ????????????????????????
Subject: Pipes Digest #162 -- October 13, 1994

		Pipes Digest #162 -- October 13, 1994
		     Circulation this issue: 557

Welcome to new members:

	 Chen			(???????????????????????)
	 Jeremy Woodburn	(???????????????????????????)
	 Kevin Cook		(???????????????)
	 Myron Gershenson	(????????????????????)
	 Robert Jaffe		(?????????????????)
	 Michael J. Marino	([email protected])
	 Kelso Gillenwater	(?????????????????????????)
	 The Pope		(????????????????????)
	 Christopher D. Walborn	(?????????????????)
	 Dana Steeves		(?????????????????????)
	 Any Turner		(??????????????????????)
	 Chuck Ridout		(?????????????????????????)

Couple of notes: First, congratulations to Lynsa (?????????????????????),
whom, we have heard, is getting married this weekend! Way to go,
Lynsa! Best wishes, and please let me know where to send a tin of
Bengal Slices for the bride and groom. :-)

Second, Chavete (???????????????) has offered to supply a set of his
humidor plans free to a woodworking member, in return for a review in
the Digest. I gather this offer is made on a first-come, first-served
basis. Contact him for details.

Also, since it's near election time in the US, I'd like to get
members' comments on which are friendly, or hostile, to the cause of
continued freedom to enjoy tobacco. Please mail in your comments! I'll
start with the New Jersey race for U.S. senator:

	Lautenberg:	Hostile
	Haytayan:	Unknown

Be glad to do this for elections outside the US, too!

Also, I had a minor problem with the mailer; please discard any extra
issues if you have gotten one.

And, as the weather cools down, and the races heat up, let us repose
with our favorite (and still legal) blends as we discuss the perils of
editorship, antiques, human (?) relations, Dixieland jazz,
Switzerland, Kipling, mosquitos, and brewing various things (including

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	     Help Stop Prohibition -- Keep Tobacco Legal
			Call -- Write -- Vote
			Then, Smoke in Peace.

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From: ????????????????????????
Subject: CIGAR FAQ

Steve, I've edited Duvall's FAQ in PageMaker for printing,
30+ pages, wondered if it would be kosher to offer the
print version for $3 to cover copying & postage, will post it
on this BBS and offer it free via E-mail to whomsoever wants
it in ASCII if they give me an adress. I figure Kinko's at
.06 per page + .53 postage and a nickel for an envelope.
If you think it ok I'll post an "ad" for the service on
the cigar/pipe usenet. Let me know. Should be ready by
this Monday coming.

[ Fine, Ray! I've also edited the FAQ into plain ASCII, and have asked
Richard Geller and Steve Beaty to put it up on the FTP and WWW
sites. But a nice print version is certainly appreciated. -S. ]

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From: ??????????????
Subject: Antique Clay Pipes

I have an old clay pipe with the intials "T D" enmossed on the bowl and
Glascow on the side. Threre is an oval "spur" under the bowl.

[ I'm not sure what he meant by this, but thought I'd let the members
see it anyway... -S. ]

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From: Kevin Cook <???????????????>
Subject: Pipes Newsletter


I found your www site and checked out some of the Pipes Digest articles.  
It's great, sign me up!

I started smoking a pipe a little less than a year ago and took to it 
like a fish to water.  I'm 31 and still asking myself where I have been 
all these years...  I find I have a penchant for a lot of the English 
blends, in particular Highland targe and Black Mallory.  I still smoke 
some aromatics though, depending on my mood.

None of my friends smoke a pipe, so it feels a bit strange at times and 
I'm just starting to smoke in public.  I've noticed I really enjoy my 
pipe a lot while I walk through the city from point A to point B.

Look forward to getting Pipes Digest.  Thanks 


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From: Michael F Duvall II -- Personal Account <???????????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #161 -- October 7, 1994


A little about myself...  I am 25 and have been smoking cigars for just 
about a year now.  I started with machine made Garcia Vegas (which I 
still pick up once in a while because they bring back a lot of great 
memories).  I am very much into fine Dominican Aged Dunhills right now.  
The Altamira is a fantastic mild smoke.  The Don Thomas Rothchild Maduro 
is another.  

I can only echo what others have said plenty of times about the great 
enjoyment I get from smoking cigars and the excellent means of reducing 
stress.  Reminds me of a debate i got tangled up in with an Human 
Relations interviewer at a company I was applying to who asked me how I 
handled stress.  When I told her about my love of cigars, she launched 
into the company's "No-Smoking" policies and the "tremendous" health 
risks I was placing on myself.  It was a losing battle, not because she 
was right, but because she had already made up her mind and there was 
nothing I could do to change it.  But it was interesting how she got all 
worked up over this while I stayed calm and collective.  I thought that, 
most of all, made the very point I was trying to get across.  Apparently 
she didn't like having that pointed out... :)

Anyway, thanks for the great work here, Steve.  Hopefully in a wekk or 
two I will be able to announce the completion of a Humidor FAQ.  It is 
geared for cigar smokers but perhaps the information will also benefit 
pipe smokers as well.  Principle work is completed on it and when some 
minor revisions and clarifications are copmlete, I will make it available 
to anyone who wants a copy.  Happy smoking, all!


[ Sounds like that interviewer was a clear case for a MYOB... In any
case, welcome! And we've seen the FAQ, and it's up for public access,
as I mentioned. A little too long to put in the Digest. -S. ]

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From: Bill Sempf <????????????????????????????????>
Subject: An introduction.

     I could sit for hours smoking my GBD bulldog full of my Holmes blend in 
front of my well worn keyboard and still not be able to fully express my 
appreciation for the wonderful gift of this electronic serial.  Pipe smokers 
seem to be a rather private bunch, when all is said and done.  There are far 
too few *local* organizations, much less an international forum for discussion 
of briar and tobak.  Many thanks, Steve, and also to all of you who are regular
contributors and make this serial a success.

     A few, brief, words about myself.  I spent 22 years of my life hating 
tobacco and everything about it.  My father smokes Lucky Strikes, three packs a
day, and I associated all tobacco with this habit.  I was fortunate to meet one
Ernie Sparks, a pharmacist and drummer in a Dixie band I recently joined.  (I 
am a clarinetist)  He is an avid cigar smoker, and introduced me to the 
pleasures within.  I soon decided that cigars were too harsh for my taste (I 
was, at the time, fundamentally ignorant of the difference between hand and 
machine rolled), so on the suggestion of my local Tinder Box tobacconist, I 
bought a little twenty dollar billiard and an ounce of their Anniversary blend.
 Love at first smoke.  I am now, three months later, the proud owner of a 
Savinelli, a GBD bulldog, and my first ever real hobby that is purely for 

     The Columbus pipe scene is odd.  Never have I seen so many people so 
itching for companionship and so shy at the same time.  There are five decent 
to great pipe shops in Columbus, including the aforementioned (#160) S&R 
Pipemakers.  (BTW, you ought to include the fact that there is a retail store 
at that same address, Pipes and Pleasures)  There are enough pipe smokers to 
keep all of these shops afloat and well stocked.  However, it seems that even 
an informal attempt at getting pipeists together falls flat on itUs face.  A 
pity, really, as those whom I have met are some class personalities.

     Rambling on ... I have yet to hitch up my Jansport and walk 20 miles into 
nowhere and smoke my favorite English blend in front of a blazing fire.  
Camping and puffing seem to have some mystical link that I am eager to 
discover.  Any accomplished hikers with a suggested blend?  I have my eyes, and
budget, set on a Nording Signature freehand that would seem to be the ultimate 
camping pipe.  Perhaps I will find the time yet.  My wife is also eager, and is
pestering my regularly, but time is so elusive ...

     I am currently diving deep into the history of smoking.  Recently read the
Coti treatise, RA history of smokingS, I think was itUs title; also the Dunhill
pipe book, whose title escapes me at the moment.  I am about to start the 
Fairholt RTobacco: itUs history and associationsS.  The Pipes and Pleasures 
shop I mentioned has quite a stock of back issues of pipe periodicals, and I am
looking into a purchase after my next gig check comes ... I will forward any 
interesting history therewithin.  Issues date back as far as T77 - a fine year.

     I look forward to associating with you all over the course of my long and 
hopefully happy computer career.  My mailbox is always open, so please drop a 
line!!  Always glad to discuss Dunhill cigars or the RISC chip.


[ Welcome, and fidelis, Sempf! My guess is that the regulatory
pressure in Columbus is probably not yet harsh enough for people to
have to band together, as they have done in Los Angeles under Steve
Johnson's tutelage. -S. ]

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From: Joachim Posegga <??????????????????>
Subject: Swiss Adventures


attached is a contribution for the digest.

Btw, I am sorry I can't give you recommendations on Nurnberg or Erlangen
(both cities are close together). As a general hint: I would rather look
in Nurnberg, since it is bigger than Erlangen (at least as far as I
remember). If you don't get any hints from other people, here is a general
advise which should work in every bigger German city: Go to the tobacconist
at the railway station, buy some pipe cleaners (to be polite...) and ask
if he/she can recommend a pipe shop in the city. (If they should sell pipes
as well and you are a _very_ polite person, you can start with asking if
they have filterless pipes, which is very unlikely...).


For the digest:
Trip to Switzerland.

My  personal  preference in  pipe  is much towards  smallish, filterless
models in classic shapes; a consequence  of this is  that it is hard for
me to find pipes for myself in Germany: people here seem to prefer large
bowls and 95% of all pipes sold here  come with 9mm filters. I therefore
always enjoy trips to other countries and look around for pipes.

This  week, I spend three  days  in Zurich, Switzerland, officially  for
attending a  workshop on Logic  Programming.   Compared to Germany, both
pipes  and tobacco are  about  20-30% cheaper  there,  so I try to visit
Switzerland as  often  as I can.  Fortunately,  I  live only  two  hours

Swiss  shops usually  have a  good selection of  filterless  pipes, esp.
English  and Italian ones.   Furthermore,  tobacconists  can sell  loose
tobacco, which is forbidden in Germany due to tax regulations.

I took a half a day off the conference and visited Roman Peter, the only
Swiss freehand designer. Here is his address (for the resource guide):
	Roman Peter
	Obere Bahnhofstrasse 17
	CH-8910 Affoltern a. Ablis
	Phone: ++ 41 1 7616303

Affoltern am Albis  is not far  away from Zurich, and  can be reached by
train (S9) from  Zurich main station  in about 30 minutes. (Be  careful:
there  is  also  another  "Affoltern", which  belongs   to the   city of

Roman Peter's shop is close to the railway station in Affoltern: leaving
the   station and  heading  a  bit to  the left   leads   to the "Untere
Bahnhofstrasse". The shop is less than 500 meters away from the station.

Roman  himself is a very  nice person and I   spend quite a while inside
taking pipes and browsing through the pipes he offers. The shop is quite
small and does not offer a huge, but a fine selection of pipes. Roman is
a pipe maker  since about 10 years; he  is making very  nice free-hands,
many of them quite unusual, and some closer to being  a sculpture than a
pipe. He is only using excellent wood, which makes  even the large pipes
quite light. Prices start around 350.- Swiss Francs (roughly US$ 250.-),
and most are  below 1000.- Francs.  Unfortunately, he  had only about 20
of  his models available.  There are usually  more in the shop, he said,
but he had sold a lot after a recent far of his pipes.

If I would be into big pipes, I would surely have bought at least one of
his pipes. However,  for some obscure  reason, I  prefer  small over big
ones and he had only two smallish pieces available. Both had a polished,
black finish. One   was close to a Prince,   the other quite   unusually
shaped; a bit like this:
   /      \ 
  |/|    |\|
    |    |
    |    ------------------

Well, far away from the original, but I hope it gives you an idea...

I   decided not to   go for a   black  pipe since  I  like natural wood.
However, I will surely visit him  again when I  happen to be around next
time (probably around X-Mass).

So, I looked for the other pipes on display (about 200 pipes): besides a
lot  of Petersons (as often  found in Swiss shops),  he offers some nice
Danish  models, and a good (though  not huge)  selection of Savinelli's.
Among these, I spotted a couple of older Savinelli's without filters and
quickly identified a reasonably priced "punto oro"  Canadian as a future
companion of mine.

All together, I definitely recommend paying  a visit to Roman Peter when
you have  the  opportunity.  Unfortunately he  does  not  do  mail order
business (too  much fuss with customs, insurance,  etc, he said).  He is
also willing to  adapt your own  ideas on pipes  and make  your personal
pipe (within 2 weeks or so).

After my visit in Affoltern, I headed back for Zurich and briefly looked
around for  other shops, there.   I did  not  have much  time left, so I
restricted my search to Zurich's  "Bahnhofstrasse", _the_ major shopping
street in Switzerland.  I found three  tobacco shops within the first 15
minutes; all  in  this street  (Sorry, I  did not  wrote down the  their
names/addresses, but they are easy to find):

Directly  in front  of  the main station,  there is  one  of the typical
high-class tobacco shops: plenty of Dunhills, Charatans, and Savinellis,
plus a lot of  Davidoff pipes (btw, does anyone  have one and would care
to tell us a bit about them?).  Furthermore, they offer some nice German
and Danish freehands.  It appeared a bit pricy to me but is surely worth
to drop in when you are around.

Some 300  meters down  the Bahnhofstrasse  is the next  one: a  bit more
classically  oriented  than the  first,  but  again loads  of  Dunhills,
Davidoffs, Petersons, Charatan and so on.

In both shops I asked  for Ashton pipes, since I  always wanted to check
them out, but  they did not have any.  Ashtons seem to  be quite hard to

The next  shop comes again  after some  300 meters on  the  left. It was
already 6.30 pm, so I  did  not go in  (all  shops close at 6.30).  From
outside, it appears  to have specialized  in Savinellis (and, of course,

On my way home from Zurich stopped in Basel for visiting "Pfeifen Wolf",
a tobacco  shop in  Basel,  well  worth  visiting.   He specializes   in
Stanwells, but offers a wide selection of Peterson, Amorelli, and Mastro
de  Paya as well  (and also  the usual Dunhills).    I am currently most
interested in  Mastro de Paya and  looked browsed through the roughly 50
models  they  had in stock.   After  a long time,   a bought a beautiful
Dublin. Superb smoke and very good value for money!

Pfeifen Wolf is also famous  for his tobacco, so  I selected some of his
house mixtures. Fortunately, customs between  Germany and Switzerland is
virtually non-existent, so smuggling is not a big risk...

You can find the shop as follows: when  at the Marktplatz (Market Place)
in Basel, take  the street that leads  to  the railway  station. Pfeifen
Wolf is on the right-hand side after 50 meters.


[ Sounds like you've found some worthwhile stops in der Schweiz,
Joachim! Thanks! -S. ]

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From: ????????????????
Subject: pipes digest

My name is Shane Pappas and am a shop owner in California.  I would be
willing to be a source of information for you and your readers, as
well as, shipping them items they may be unable to locate on their
own.  I do mail order and am a full service shop.  I would be very
interested in hearing from you, you may call me at 1-800-232-1323.  I
would prefer a phone call rather than mail as I am a new user of this
service and still not entirely familiar with it.  I look forward to
hearing from you.  Sincerely, Shane

[ Hope some of our members will give you a call, Shane! Where are you
located? -S. ]

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From: ?????????????????
Subject: Bio


I joined your Pipes mailgroup some time ago. I've been meaning to take some
free time to send you a bio. Free time seems to be very scarce lately, so
I'll just fire up a pipe and ignore other things to get this off to you.

My name is John Haldeman. I'm 52 years old. I'm retired after 20 years from
the U.S. Coast Guard. I'm currently working as a technical writer here in
Oklahoma City.

I smoke a pipe and an occasional cigar. I think my smoking preference may
be hereditary. My father and his father smoked pipes. My other grandfather
smoked only cigars.

I currently have eight pipes, seven briars and a meerschaum. The meerschaum
is an SMS from Turkey. The briars include a Radice, a Caminetto, a GBD, a
Pipa Croci, and three Ardors.

I buy my pipes, tobacco, and cigars from shops owned by a father and son.
They have three shops; Royal Pipes near the University of Oklahoma campus
in Norman, Plantations in Sooner Fashion Mall also in Norman, and
Plantations in Crossroads Mall in Oklahoma City.

My everyday tobacco is called Decade. It's a bulk blend described as half
lemon and orange Virginia English cut and half black toasted ribbon cut. I
don't believe this descriptionis too accurate because I recognize the
Latakia that is part of the blend. I tried a lot of different blends before
I settled on Decade. It was the only blend that I could smoke and enjoy all
day every day. Also, it gets nothing but favorable comments from people who
smell it burning.

My pipe's just about done so I'll close this. Keep up the good work. I hope
you derive as much satisfaction from creating the Pipes Digest as I do
enjoyment from reading it.

John Haldeman <?????????????????>

[ I do indeed, John! Welcome! -S. ]

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From: ???????????????? (Elliott C. Evans)
Subject: Lately

Lately, I've become dissatisfied with my cigarettes (Nat Sherman's 
Virginia Circles) and as a consequnce have been smoking cigars
and my pipe a little more frequently.

I've been smoking a tobacco called "Golden Pleasure" that I get
here in Pittsburgh at Poor Richard's Smokeshop in Station Square.
I'm pleased to report that I can keep the pipe lit for some quite
long stretches now, after two years of practice. Beginners, don't
get discouraged! I'm beginning to get good enought at it that I
think I might move up to a slightly larger bowl size. Currently,
my meerschaum bowl is very small and doesn't last very long,
especially now that it stays lit.

This weekend I bought two different sizes of "Por Larran~aga"
cigars by recommendation of the shop owner. I was very pleased
with the mild taste of the one I smoked, but I still can't get
myself to smoke those large cigars. This one was only about 3/4"
in diameter and about seven inches long, but it was too much
tobacco for me! I could only smoke about 2/3rds of it, and then I
had to give up. This did give me the opportunity to dissect the
remainder, which I have never done before and would recommend to
anyone who finds themself with too much cigar. I guess I never
before understood that good cigars are made of BIG LEAVES all
rolled together. 

In the near future, I have two social smoking activities planned.
For one, a local bar (Kangaroos on McKnight road, for you yinzers
on the list) is starting a weekly event to sit around smoking
cigars, drinking port, and discussing current events like we live
in a real democracy. For the other, I'm finally going to screw up
my courage and go to Bloom's Cigar Camp on Saturday.  It's a
historic cigar store in Pittsburgh's South Side, and people go
there to sit on the couches and smoke all day. Wish me luck, may
I not look like a fool.

| Elliott C. "Eeyore" Evans            | 
| Technical Writer, Ansoft Corporation |  Do you believe in fate?
| ????????????????      Pittsburgh, PA | 

[ Please let us know about Blooms, Elliott! And, regarding "Por
Larrangas" they're mentioned in  Rudyard Kipling's poem, "The
Betrothed" (see Digest #134): 

"There's peace in a Larranaga, there's calm in a Henry Clay;
But the best cigar in an hour is finished and thrown away -

Thrown away for another as perfect and ripe and brown -
But I could not throw away Maggie for fear o' the talk o' the town!"

and ends with:

"A million surplus Maggies are willing to bear the yoke;
And a woman is just a woman, but a good Cigar is a Smoke."

For our readers who don't remember, the speaker in the poem is a man
whose fiancee has demanded that he choose between her and his cigar.
Glad Lynsa's betrothed doesn't have that problem! :-) -S. ]

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From: ????????????
Subject: Re: #1(2) Pipes Digest #161 -...


A "Chin rester" has a sharply bent stem downward followed by straight section
about 1 1/2 inches below mouth and then the bowl.

The idea is that you do not have to clamp very hard to hold the pipe in your
mouth. Most of the weight rests on your chin.

Send me your "snail mail" address and  I'll send you a picture.


[ Thanks, Valts! Pic not necessary, I get it now. -S. ]

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[ This is a reprint of Steve Johnson's article from the "A&M Gazette."
Thanks for supplying it for us, Steve! -S. ] 

From: ????????????????
Subject: "The Official Smokescreen"



			  By Stephen Johnson

Things are tough for smokers these days, and they're getting tougher
all the time.  The case against cigarettes has been well documented.
But are Americans getting the complete, factual story about the health
effects of pipe and cigar smoking?  The answer to this question is
quite revealing, not only because of what's in the medical literature,
but also because of what it says about how the war on tobacco is being


The first U.S. Government report on smoking and health was issued in
1964 by then-Surgeon General Luther Terry.  This document was the
first public disclosure about the dangers inherent in cigarette
smoking.  What the report said about pipes and cigars was, however a
different story.  In fact, Dr. Terry concluded: "For smokers of cigars
only or of pipes only, three of the studies [examined] show small
increases in over-all death rates, ranging from 5% to 11%.  The
[American Cancer Society] study of men in 25 states, however, gives
slight decreases for both types, as does the study of British doctors
for the two types combined."  Incidentally, it should be mentioned
that a risk increase of up to 11% is considered by researchers to be
within the parameters of statistical error.

The Surgeon General's report of 1964 is notable for its reasonably
unbiased presentation of data.  16 years later we had C. Everett Koop
as Surgeon General, and things were very much different.  In fact
Koop's 1982-83 reports on smoking and health set the tone for all
subsequent reports by unconditionally blasting all forms of smoking.
An examination of three particular studies raises some disturbing
implications about how official advocacy has interfered with what the
public has been told since that time.


Two of the studies in question were cited in both the 1964 and 1982-83
reports.  Both were done by the American Cancer Society, one being a
study of men in 9 states, the other being the above-mentioned 25-State
study.  Let's examine the 25-State study first.  This study began in
1958, so it was still under way at the time of the 1964 Surgeon
General's report.  It concluded in 1978.  Here are the mortality
ratios from that study as cited by both Surgeons General:

1964  Report        1982-83 Report

1.0                       1.0

Cigarette Smokers                                                     
1.83                      1.79

Pipe Smokers                                                                
.86                       1.18

Cigar Smokers
.97                       1.18

Since the 25-State study ended in 1978, the 1982-83 report quoted the
final result.  What Dr. Koop failed to mention was that the mortality
ratios he reported for pipe and cigar smokers represented an increase
over findings made earlier in the study.  In the world of research,
this is a critical omission, and certainly one which deserves
scrutiny.  C. Everett Koop's belligerent anti-tobacco advocacy has
been legendary, and provides two very plausible reasons for what might
seem to be merely a small oversight.  The first, and most obvious, is
the fact that in 1964 the American Cancer Society found pipe and cigar
smokers to be outliving nonsmokers - something which Dr. Koop no doubt
would have found inconvenient in touting his cause.  The second reason
relates directly to the sponsor of the study itself.  In the mid-1960s
the ACS began taking a more activist anti-smoking stance.  By the late
'70s it had become one of the most prominent forces in the
anti-tobacco crusade.  This being the case, an examination of the
inconsistencies in the 25-State study would suggest the possibility of
agenda-driven bias in the final outcome of that study.  Is it possible
that Koop's treatment of the 25-State study was designed to keep
inquiring minds from reaching their own conclusions?  We will probably
never know the answer to that question, but one thing is clear - Koop
was at best guilty of professional, and perhaps even deliberate
ignorance in this case.

The real eye-opener comes with the American Cancer Society's 9-State
study.  This study was concluded in 1958.  Once again, here are the
numbers reported by both Surgeons General:

1964  Report        1982-83 Report

1.0                       1.0

Cigarette Smokers                                                     
1.70                      1.97

Pipe Smokers                                                              
1.05                      1.44

Cigar Smokers                                                           
1.10                      1.34

Since the 9-State study ended in 1958 the results reported by Koop
should have been the same as those in the 1964 report.  BUT THEY ARE
NOT.  Yet another - and more blatant - inconsistency had been served
up to the American public, and again without an explanation.


The third study in question was released by Northwestern Pennsylvania
University in 1975.  It was conducted by a group called "No Other
World," with the assistance of regional chapters of the American
Cancer Society, American Heart Association, and American Lung
Association.  The study involved longevity, and while the results did
not bode well for cigarette smokers, its findings on pipe and cigar
smoking are very interesting.  The study found that moderate cigar
smokers live as long as nonsmokers, while those cigar smokers who
smoke more than three cigars a day experience a slight decrease in
longevity.  The results for pipe smokers were surprising: According to
the study, pipe smokers outlive nonsmokers by an average of two years!
Even more surprising were the findings that heavy pipe smoking did not
change this, and that pipe smokers don't seem to gain any longevity
benefit by quitting.  While the study was good news for pipe and cigar
smokers, its data never appeared in the reports made by Surgeon
General C. Everett Koop.  Incidentally, a similar longevity study was
done in 1985 by the University of Dublin, Ireland.  Its findings
echoed those of the 1975 study.  Given official reluctance to report
anything positive related to smoking, it is likely that the 1985 study
has similarly been ignored.


To better understand what pipe and cigar smokers face in the war on
tobacco, we need to not only examine the official handling of data,
but also have an overview on the medical literature itself.  First, it
should be stated that the medical studies dealing in a substantive
manner with pipe and cigar smoking are few in number compared to those
on cigarette smoking.  And many of the studies which do examine the
health effects of pipes and cigars contain serious flaws.

A major oversight common to many pipe and cigar studies is failure on
the part of researchers to take some important variables into account.
One such variable, for example, is the effect of differing amounts of
tobacco consumption.  Another is whether or not the study subjects
practice inhaled smoking.  This variable is quite significant since
there are a fair number of pipe and cigar smokers who inhale their
smoke, primarily among former or concurrent cigarette smokers.

There is yet another factor to consider in examining the medical
literature on pipes and cigars: How large the studies are in terms of
the number of subjects.  One problem with research done since the '70s
is that pipe and cigar studies typically have been done with small
numbers of subjects.  In fact, over the last 10 years or so some
researchers have commented that the low percentage of pipe and cigar
smokers among the overall population puts limitations on the number of
subjects available, and may therefore affect the validity of the
conclusions reached in their studies.

Although scientific research is a complex field, we can still
critically examine it if we know what to look for.  With this
knowledge a review of the existing medical data on the health effects
of pipe and cigar smoking provides ample reason for being skeptical of
the position that all forms of tobacco use are dangerous.
Unfortunately we cannot count on any objectivity from official
sources.  Our situation is further complicated by the media's
partisanship in dealing with smoking-related issues.  It is therefore
crucial for us to remain skeptical, and examine things for ourselves.


In the thirty years following the first Surgeon General's report on
smoking and health, tobacco has come under increasing attack as a
major threat to the public.  Under the leadership of C. Everett Koop
in the 1980s a vigorous anti-tobacco agenda became official Government
policy.  There is solid evidence to suggest that Koop bolstered his
advocacy by altering the facts to fit his view of tobacco as being
universally evil.  Some of that evidence was cited earlier in this
article, and we can only wonder if there has been other misreporting
of data, and more suppressed information since 1983.

We must also question whether or not we can truly count on the
objectivity of health research, especially that which is
government-sponsored.  The annual budget of the National Institutes of
Health is larger than that for our national defense.  Much of the
health research in this country is, and has been done under the
auspices of the NIH.  Can we really believe that our government hasn't
interfered with the integrity of the research process?  One thing is
certain - since Koop's tenure, pipe and cigar smokers have a right to
question whether any positive information about their pastime will be
fairly reported and disseminated.  Given the militant anti-tobacco
stance of the present administration, it doesn't seem likely.

Pipe and cigar smokers are in an unfortunate situation, being a small
group and therefore an easy target.  We do, however have something
going for us: We have a factual basis for challenging the campaign
being waged against us.  And we have enough in our favor to continue
enjoying our pastime without guilt or fear.  The best we can do now is
to remember that, be informed, and do what we can to tear down the
official smokescreen.


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From: "hedgcock, john" <??????????????????>
Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #161 -- October 7, 1994

    Thanks, Steve, for putting me on the PD subscribers' list! It just
    occurred to me that I've enjoyed the last three issues without
    respecting the custom of introducing myself with a brief bio. I
    had a 'false start' as a subscriber a couple of months ago, but
    now that I have a permanent address, I'll establish contact with
    what seems to be a very friendly group.

    I'm 32 and am an assistant professor at the Monterey Institute of
    International Studies in Monterey, CA. I've enjoyed smoking a pipe
    now and then (mostly in secret) since about age 16, although I was
    'exposed' in my first year of grad. school and have been a little
    more at ease since then. The gentle aroma of cavendish has always
    had a special appeal, and when my college roommate discovered my
    affinity, he confessed to owning several well-used briars himself.
    To my surprise, when a few of my friends saw me smoking my
    occasional pipe, they didn't mind at all -- in fact, most enjoyed
    the aroma quite a lot.

    I own maybe 8 pipes, only 2 or 3 of which I smoke. I've learned
    that there IS a price difference that can mean an enormous
    difference in quality. Right now, I'm searching for a Canadian in
    the $50 range, a price I'm pretty comfortable with. My last $45
    purchase was a terrific deal -- a standard bent pipe of Italian
    origin with a smooth dark grain and a narrow gold band. In
    general, I prefer straight stems, hence my preference for the

    As for tobaccos, I generally stick with aromatics and cavendishes.
    I've tried English varieties, but find I have to be in a special
    mood to enjoy them. Non-smokers generally like the aromatics, too.
    I stay away from tobaccos available in retail stores, although
    I've been known to buy a pouch of Amphora once in a while. The
    problem with buying from tobacconists is that, once I finally find
    a blend I like, I have to return to the same store for more. I
    haven't had much luck duplicating my favorites elsewhere.

    Can anyone out there recommend tobacconists on or near the
    Monterey Peninsula? And what about tobacco-friendly organizations
    and/or establishments? Pickings seem to be rather slim around
    here, although cigar smoking appears to be on the increase. I
    haven't smoked more than a cigar or two in my life, but I'm
    thinking about trying. Any suggestions for a smallish, mild cigar
    that an occasional pipesmoker might like?

    I especially appreciate the amicable tone of all of the posts, as
    well as the moderate and informative views expressed. Looking
    forward to finding out more and to participating in these friendly

    John H.

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From: "A.W. Donovan-Shead" <?????????????????????????>
Subject: Smoke Signal #3

October 10, 1994.  

Last week I was visiting my tobacconist, laying in a supply of Cope's
Escudo, and noticed an attractively shaped bulldog pipe with a
quarter-bent stem in the moderately priced section of his display. A day
or two later I returned to see if it was there flaunting itself yet, it
was. Even with a couple of pits filled with putty and an exposed pit at
the top of the stem where it merged with the bowl, I couldn't resist its
charm; having seasoned it during the last day or two, I smoked a bowl-full
of Escudo tonight under clear skies in still air where the smoke went
straight up to the Gods in Heaven.  Anyone in the Company that fancies
changing pace should consider the possibilities of Cope's Escudo Navy De
Luxe. It's heavenly stuff of delicate bouquet. Escudo is "free from all
scent or added flavours." Pure tobacco, a blend of Virginia and Perique,
packed in tins as slices that must be rubbed out in the palms of your
hands, something I like to spend a few minutes doing to a couple of slices
while sitting at my desk. After rubbing out the tobacco, consistency runs
from fine to course. Course shreds I use as the dottles, filling the bowl
with the finer stuff so that the last pinch is of the finest rub. In this
way the tobacco burns quickly at the start with the rate of combustion
slowing as the fill is smoked downwards.  Sitting downwind of the pipe,
which is difficult in still air, I like to draw on it very slowly and then
puff out a cloud of smoke that then envelopes my head, allowing me to
inhale its delicate aroma. Like the deployment of napalm, I find the cloud
of smoke needs a moment or two to develop to best advantage of the aroma.
Don't be shocked at the price Escudo retails at $10.50 per 50g tin.

Tins, jars, or loose? This was one question in Pipes Digest #161.  Tobacco
will keep best in vacuum-packed tins. Bob Hamlin of the Pipe Collector's
Club of America told me that he recently opened a twenty-year old tin of
Balkan Sobranie and found the contents in perfect condition. Flake or
sliced tobacco will keep better than the shredded. Also with flakes you
can, to a certain extent, control the rate of combustion by how far you
rub it out. In any case, empty tobacco tins are good used as containers
for small objects.

In Pipe Digest #161, I quoted a verse from Carl Weber's book that he
attributed to James Thomson. Reaching down Alfred Dunhill's "The Pipe
Book," I noticed the same verse on the dust jacket this time attributed to
Alfred Dunhill, 1924. One of these chaps is a plagiarist, which one?

How is perique tobacco altered in the time between when it is picked and
when it is smoked? As a pipe smoker I am given to random musing and
speculation, unable to quote detailed chemical reactions, but I can offer
some plausible comparisons between similar processes.  Perhaps I'm
incorrect, but I don't believe perique has yeast added during processing,
which is why I wanted to avoid the word ferment and saw instead tobacco
leaves infected much as a cut finger might become infected and fester if
left to become septic. More appropriate analogy would be that between the
maturation of perique tobacco and the lambic beers of Belgium, such as
Guewze, Krick, Framboise, and Faro. One distinguishing feature of lambic
is that the wort is left in an open cooling vessel for one night under a
roof slatted to the open air so that wild micro-flora can infect the wort,
causing spontaneous fermentation. Micro-flora will get at the juices of
perique to alter its characteristics. Between the time when tobacco leaves
are picked and when smoked the difference is as the difference in taste
between unfermented wort and the finished beer.

We are moving away from our favourite subject of pipes and cigars, but we
can crave Steve's indulgence and press onward, regardless.  Lager yeasts
are bottom fermenting, operating best, slowly, at low temperature. Ale
yeasts, on the other hand, are top fermenting and prefer temperatures in
the range seventy to seventy-five degrees Fahrenheit. Dave Line in his
book "Brewing Beers Like Those You Buy" has a recipe for stout in which he
recommends using the yeast thrown by a bottle of Guinness as a starter for
a yeast culture, but this is not possible this far from Dublin because
what we get here is filtered and pasteurised to ensure that it arrives in
a known condition. Ale yeast is usually used for stout, warm-fermented to
give a stout of excellent body and fine-beaded, creamy head, a mouthful
needing two or three swallows to get down. In Mallow, Southern Ireland, I
discovered the true purpose of stout: stout is for washing down Sunday's
lunch of brown Windsor soup, lamb cutlets, roast potatoes, carrots, peas,
and baked potatoes, followed by chocolate gateau, and the cheese and
fruits. Drat! I've just drooled into the keyboard.

Oh well! We'll take another paragraph for a tea-related anecdote.  Steve's
sojourning in Erlangen and may be too busy to notice. Once upon a time I
used to sit in a bunker at a place called Laarbruch, somewhere in Germany.
It was there I took part in war-games bored out of my skull, reduced to
reading military manuals. One of these concerned the lifestyle of the
Soviet enlisted man. Apparently it was a custom to save in a can the tea
leaves from successive brews.  To these leaves was added a small quantity
of water each day. After a week or two left to the spontaneity of the open
air these tea leaves underwent a fermentation of sorts. In the end the
liquor from this was consumed, producing intoxication in the drinker.

Let's return to pipes and cigars. I agree that Oklahoma in summer is not
conducive to relaxed pipe smoking, the heat and humidity are too
oppressive, but fall, winter, and spring are entirely different seasons,
fine smoking weather.

"The Sea and the Jungle" by H. M. Tomlinson, 'being the narrative of the
voyage of the tramp steamer Capella from Swansea to Santa Maria de Belem
do Grao Para in the Brazils, and thence 2,000 miles along the forests of
the Amazon and Madeira Rivers to the San Antonio Falls; afterwards
returning to Barbados for orders, and going by way of Jamaica to Tampa in
Florida, where she loaded for home; done in the years 1909 and 1910,' can
be had through Inter-library Loan or from a used book-seller. It is an
exciting read. Tomlinson beset by mosquitoes was reduced to smoking his
pipe through mosquito netting, but gave up because the tropical heat made
his pipe taste sour and the mosquitoes learned to stick him through the
net whenever he took a puff at his pipe. Here is a sample. 
	"This common meeting place of ours, the Chief's cabin, is on a highway
of the ship, being on the direct route from the poop to the bridge, and so it is
hostel, for the Chief is a kindly and popular man, big and robust in body
and mind; though he has a knack, at odd and unexpected times, of being
candid in a way that shocks, treading on corns without ruth, the Skipper's
particularly, when their two departments are at a difference.
	"This cabin was one which I always visited first, for, especially in the
morning when other folk had not rubbed the night out of their eyes, and so
darkly upon their fellows, my friend the Chief had the early eye of a
child and the soaring spirit of the lark. I never met him when he had got
out of bed on the wrong side.  His cabin became a refuge to me, for,
unlike the Doctor's and my own place (we both birds of passage, therefore
our cabins were cold and stark), the Chief's was comfortable with settled
furniture, cosy and habitable, like a fixed home. There was a wicker
chair, with cushions, and a writing-desk where the engineer's log lay
handy and bearing some plug tobacco freshly cut on its cover, and a pipe
rack above the desk carrying a most foul assortment waiting their turns
again for favour. Portraits of the Chief's family were on the walls,
smiling boys and girls with their mother in a chief place, looking upon
daddy by proxy. There was a book-shelf bearing some engineering manuals, a
few novels and magazines, a tape measure, some gauge glasses, some tin
whistles, a flute, and a palm leaf fan. Above the wash-stand was a rack
with glasses and a carafe. A settee ran along one side, and his bunk upon
the other. There we sat on Christmas Eve, while the wicker chair bent and
complained with the Skipper's weight as he swayed to the leisurely rocking
of the ship. The tobacco smoke floated in coils and blue smears in the
room. A bottle of Hollands rested for security on the bed, and we held our
glasses on our knees." 
	Stuck in my mind did this description, and made me
want to reach for my pipe. My copy of this book is dated "Xmas 1930. Lena,
from J.F." published by Duckworth. A book difficult to find but worth the
effort. Often it is the hunt that is enjoyed as much as the reading.

I've bored-on long enough. Next time I'll have another shot at talking
about the pipe writings of Georges Herment.


[ Thanks, Andrew! Your notes are always a fascinating read. -S. ]

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[ Copped from alt.smokers.cigars. -S. ]

From: ??????????????????????????? (Lee Bertagnolli)
Subject: Cigar & Cognac Dinner, Springfield, Illinois

Baur's Restaurant, 620 South First Street (in the shadow of the Illinois
state capitol building) is having a cigar & cognac dinner on November 3rd.
For $50 per person, a nine-course dinner will be served, featuring 
smoked oysters, salmon and pheasant; five different cognacs, scotches,
and bourbons, and nine different cigars.  Cigar and liquor company
representatives will be present to talk about their products and how 
they are made.

Cocktails will be served at 6:15pm, and dinner will be served starting
at 7:00pm.  

Reservations are necessary and can be made by calling 217-789-4311.

I have no affiliation with Baur's, usual disclaimers apply.  Am posting
this strictly FYI.
*  Lee Bertagnolli                                  ?????????????????????  *
*  Sangamon State University     "Seville der dago, towsin bus essinarow." *
*  Springfield, Illinois   "Nojo, demmit trux, summit cowsin, summit dux!" *

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From: ?????????????????
Subject: Bio

Hi! My name is Christopher D. Walborn. I am a 20 year old student
(self-taught thus far... ambitions of Oxford) of medieval literature and a
pipe smoker of a year and a half. Though I have been smoking for a year and a
half, I smoke very infrequently. I still live at home in a family of adamant
non-smokers (smoking is a sin... so is drinking beer... but wine is okay...
make sense? I didn't think so.). In fact, for this year and a half I have
been able to keep my pleasure a hidden one, but it has not been easy.

I was lucky enough (or foolish, depending on your view) to go straight for
the jugular and buy a good pipe right off the bat. I now have three pipes: my
original pipe for which I paid $65 and smokes excellently, but is quite
bulky; my second pipe which is of equal monetary value but gives a very hot,
sharp smoke and is a chronic quitter; and my newest pipe a $28 long stemmed
pipe which I am quickly comming to love--it doesn't smoke as nicely as the
first one, but there is something about it...

I cannot tell you names or styles; I am too ignorant about pipes. The second
and last have bowls of single wood; the first has a light with dark grained
exterior and an interior of a different, darker and more solid shade.

I have not found a favorite tobacco yet. I have found a most despised
tobacco; you guessed it... cherry (Birmingham). At this point I am picking
out a new tobacco each time I visit my pipe store: Sir Richards, McGregor
Blvd, Fort Myers FL (for the season calling itself "Santa's Pipe
Shop"--Christmas already???).

I have basically no knowledge about tobacco or pipes. I know enough to clean
my pipe, fill it (touch of a child, touch of a lady, touch of a man), and
smoke it, usually without scorching myself too badly.

I, too, am among the brotherhood of bearded smokers. No goateed
twenty-something here: a nice, full, red manly-man beard against brown hair.
I like to sit and smoke and think intelligent thoughts.

I cannot explain why I smoke, or what it is about it that pleases me so. I
guess it is the entire experience. It is something planned, not a matter of
impulse. It is a ritual and is a link to the romantic view of life, though
incessant relighting has its way of dashing the romantic into bitty pieces.
What made me want to start? I don't know that either. Regardless of my
pure-air family upbringing I have always, from the time I was a small child,
loved pipes. I knew nobody that smoked a pipe, but an older gentleman smoking
a pipe has always seemed a type of the wonderously warm and kindly. In this
day and age, particularly, we need that to offset all the negative
cynicalism, a lot of which I share, but never while smoking.

I don't smoke for a buzz; furthest thing from it. I don't like the buzz on
the remote occasions when I get it. I don't smoke so much for the taste--I'm
not sure I've really learned to smoke it correctly for that. Perhaps I'm
smoking it as an active symbol of what I want to become: the kind, peaceful
old man.

Enough romanticized psycho-drivel.

One last thing before I end this bit. In one of the pipe shops I have been
in, the proprietor had posted what claimed to be the findings of the Surgeon
General: statistics on the life span of pipe smokers in contrast to
non-smokers. It stated that those who smoke between 3 and 10 bowls per day,
inhaling, for a duration of 30 years were not shown to live substantially, if
any, shorter lives than cigarette smokers. Those who smoked between 3 and 10
bowls per day for a duration of 30 years without inhaling were shown to live
as long and longer than non-smokers.

Has anyone else seen this? Is it real? Also, my paranoid side would like to
know the stats on mouth cancer. I'd prefer to keep my lips and tongue. How
much of a risk is involved? If I continue to smoke as I do (once a week) I
seriously doubt I will face any ungainly consequences. But when I
finally--hopefully shortly--move out I will most likely increase my smoking.
How much is too much?

Well, there's my introduction. It's nice to find fellow-pipers. (It seems as
if lately I am seeing less and less cigarette smokers and more and more pipe
smokers. Has anyone else noticed this?)

Christopher D. Walborn

[ See Steve Johnson's above for a partial answer. -S. ]

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From: "Charles E. Ridout" <?????????????????????????>
Subject: Re: Your Pipes Digest subscription request 


Thanks for the Pipes Digest, it looks GREAT! I have been smoking
pipes off and on for about 20 years (boy does that make me feel old).
I started in college and have been hooked ever since. For the most
part I smoke briars, however within the past five years I have added
a few CAO meershaums (spelling?) to my collection. I find them to be
a cooler smoke and I enjoy seeing them change color as you smoke them.
I smoke mostly aromatics. I have not tried any English tobaccos, due
mostly to lack of knowledge about them. The few places that sell
pipes and tobacco near me, tend not to employ people that are knowledgeable
about this most enjoyable of pasttimes.

FYI your resource list does not include a pipe maker named Elliot
Nachwachter (not sure about the spelling of that last name). He operated
a store in NYC called Pipeworks of Wilke. He recently closed this shop
and returned to his native Vermont. I do not have an address yet but
he is sending me a catalog, so I will post it later. Elliot takes
great pride in the carving of his pipes, I own three of them. I think
others would share my appreciation for his work.

Thanks again. I look forward to reading future issues. I intend to
review back issues of Pipes Digest. I am glad I found this group.
Steve, how long has this group been around, the Pipes Digest?

Until later.. Cool smoking!


[ Would appreciate P&W's new address, Chuck! We had had them until
they moved out of NYC. -S. ]

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		       Today's Snappy Comeback:

(The Sympathy Play:) "Don't you know I only have a week to live? Who
put you up to this?" 
				- From "101 Ways to Answer the
				  Question, 'Would You Please Put Out
				  that #(!&*!$ Cigar'," Hague et. al.,

 U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ | ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U
 )				       *   *                                 ( 
( Pipe smokers will rule the world!      *      Internet Pipes Mailgroup      )
 ) (if they don't run out of matches...) *  (for all who enjoy fine tobacco) ( 
(					 *        			      )
 )           Steve Masticola, moderator  *  (????????????????????????)       ( 
(				       *   *				      )
 U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ U/~ | ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U ~\U

Article Index

  1. Subject: Pipes Digest #162 -- October 13, 1994
  2. Subject: CIGAR FAQ
  3. Subject: Antique Clay Pipes
  4. Subject: Pipes Newsletter
  5. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #161 -- October 7, 1994
  6. Subject: An introduction.
  7. Subject: Swiss Adventures
  8. Subject: pipes digest
  9. Subject: Bio
  10. Subject: Lately
  11. Subject: Re: #1(2) Pipes Digest #161 -...
  12. Subject: "The Official Smokescreen"
  13. Subject: Re: Pipes Digest #161 -- October 7, 1994
  14. Subject: Smoke Signal #3
  15. Subject: Cigar & Cognac Dinner, Springfield, Illinois
  16. Subject: Bio
  17. Subject: Re: Your Pipes Digest subscription request
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